Nietzsche, Friends

“The man of knowledge must not only love his enemies, he must be able to hate his friends.” (See Walter Kaufmann’s translation of Friedrich Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra, On the Gift-Giving Virtue, section 3, page 78) For a long time, I never quite knew how to interpret this passage. My understanding made use of unclear…

Physicalism, Ideas

Consider the problem of the nature of reality—this problem asks what is to constitute as real. Is wood the same entity as timber?—only timber has something added to it (it is a wood building material). Still, couldn’t the entity timber exist without ever understanding the entity wood? Compare timber to toothpick. Since a toothpick can…

The Feeling of Reality

Earlier this year I read of the experience of the sensual entity gravitational wave. And this experience came forward as the discovery of this entity. While I have been critical over the ‘discovery’ of entities through science in the past, I have now resolved much of my frustration in qualifying physical entities as distinct from…

Science, Religion

I enjoy reading philosophy in that it is an activity. The same cannot be said of science—reading on a scientific discovery. I do not know what I am supposed to do once I have read it. What does the author of the article suppose I do? “This observation has proven the theory true”—But what matters…

Kaufmann, Wittgenstein

I can’t help but feel that another could be misled by the epilogue of Walter Kaufmann’s Nietzsche. A remark about Friedrich Nietzsche’s “similarities to Ludwig Wittgenstein” appears between talk of language, grammar and ordinary language in Analytic Philosophy. But consider the careful language of the following translation from Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of Morals. …the…

Nietzsche, Spirit

For a healthy perspective I revisit Walter Kaufmann’s translations of Friedrich Nietzsche. When reading Beyond Good and Evil I encounter uses of words, such as artist or mother, which do not name any person or even a demographic of people, but instead name a thematic entity: the spirit of the artist or mother. Consider Nietzsche’s…

Experiential Language

Today a question draws my attention. Yet I have not raised this question to any friend, colleague, or lover, since I can only imagine the trouble it might bring along with it. Consequently, I do not know if this is a question of my own, or something easily relatable. My question regards facts. This is…